How does diabetes contribute to periodontal disease you may ask? Well, diabetes that is not controlled properly can lead to gum disease in those who have it. Periodontal disease affects both the gums and bones in the mouth. Some symptoms include:
- red, swollen, tender gums
- bleeding while brushing or flossing
- receding gums
- loose and separating teeth
- breath odor
There are different types of periodontal disease: gingivitis, mild periodontal disease, and advanced periodontal disease. If diabetes is not controlled, bacteria in the bums can grow because the high levels of glucose. When a person has diabetes, there are changes that occur. The blood vessels thicken which can hinder the flow of nutrients and waste removal. Thus the blood flow can have an effect on the gums and bone leading to infection. Some of these symptoms may indicate another problem or condition. Please consult your dentist or other oral health care professional for proper diagnosis.